rumex obtusifolius edible

basal leaves broad and ovate, large, smooth, base heart-shaped, usually red veined; stem leaves lanceolate, smaller above Bitter dock's central vein of each basal leaf inflorescence is often tinted red, and a reticulated network of fine secondary veins is seen across the upper surface. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest. Patience dock may be found as a feral plant. Dock (Rumex crispus – curly dock and Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock) Curly-leafed dock (Rumex crispus). fenestratus, Rumex articus , Rumex paucifolius, Rumex rugosus , Rumex sagittatus, Rumex vesicarius , and Rumex scutatus . Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. This is called the ocrea, and it turns brown as the plant ages. Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. Try vacuum sealing and freezing a bag of dock for winter months when the promise of spring greens seems like a cruel culinary tease. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. View photos of the edible and medicinal plant Rumex obtusifolius (Broad leaved dock). The foliage of mature dock plants may be from one to three feet tall, depending on growing conditions, but in early spring, when it's at its most delicious, the smaller plants may be hard to spot. Flowers bloom (in the northern hemisphere) anywhere from June to October and the seeds ripen from July to October. He completely failed to mention most of them are so bitter it would take days of boiling to make them palatable, if ever. Basal rosette leaves and leafy stems develop from the crown. as wild food and herbal medicine. Rumex obtusifolius (RO) has been shown to have antibacterial activity . Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock).R. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Ellen Zachos is a foraging expert, instructor, and author of books on backyard foraging and wildcrafted cocktails. Like yellow dock, the seed can also be ground into a powder and used in baking although it is more time consuming to harvest. Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. The Rumex genus includes a number of species including R. acetosa (garden sorrel), R. scutatus (French sorrel), R. crispus (yellow or curly dock), R. obtusifolius (broadleaf dock), R. sanguineus (bloody dock), and more. Know that only young dock leaves are covered with mucilage. Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. That’s dock, Rumex crispus the curly leaved variety and Rumex obtusifolius, the broad leaved variety, both adding to the ruin of my not-very-well-kept lawn.It’s infuriatingly well-constructed making it hard to uproot, and has so many seeds per plant that your chances of eradicating it are slim to impossible. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. The stalks are round, slightly ribbed, and glabrous; they often have prominent longitudinal veins that are tinted red. Rumex Acetosella is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate. Though dock’s large taproots look appetizing, they’re quite bitter. Some people will cook leaves in at least one change of water in order to reduce the bitterness. The leaf base is slightly cordate or well-rounded, rather than tapering or wedge-shaped. Today, most people have forgotten about this common and tasty edible weed. The midribs of large dock leaves can be tough and fibrous, while the leaf blade remains tender. Mainer Merritt Fernald, who was the Harvard wunderkind of botany from around 1900 to 1950, said all of the 17 native Rumex species in North America were edible. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Bitter dock grows in a variety of areas but tends to prefer shady areas with moist soils. The seed, however, can be labor-intensive to process and reports on its palatability are highly varied. Petioles are long and slender, while their blades are oblong-ovate, slightly undulate along the margins, and glabrous. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a long lived perennial with a basal rosette of long-stalked, smooth ovate-oblong leaves, stems 80cm-1m (32in-3¼ft) high and the distinctive seedheads on spikes that persist into winter.The tap root can be up to 90cm (3ft) in length. One of the best identification features for docks is the thin sheath that covers the nodes where leaves emerge. R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest. Leaves, flowers, and seeds of this plant are edible. Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). Eaten for their tart flavor are: Rumex acetosa, Rumex acetosella, Rumex aquaticus var. It grows in woodland area, meadow edges and alongside creeks. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. Appearance. This weed may be confused with Broadleaf Dock (Rumex obtusifolius). Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and is eaten as a vegetable in southern and eastern Europe. There are a number of rumex species, but the most common and well known is Rumex crispus. Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf Dock, is common in the Blue Mountains and many other parts of Australia. Some people will cook leaves in at least one change of water in order to reduce the bitterness. Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants Flowers measure about 3 to 6 mm (1/4”) long, and are light green to pinkish. We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. It is in flower from May to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Radix Lapathi.—Rumex was official in the U. S., 1890, and has been admitted to the N. F. IV and is defined as "The roots of Rumex crispus Linné, or of Rumex obtusifolius Linné (Fam. of stem bases."N. If using raw leaves, avoid excessive mucilage by removing the leaf stem (petiole) and using only the actual leaves in salads. Also known as Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf or ButterDock. For those who are nervous about this, err on the side of caution. Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). They can also be dried for later use. Miscellaneous: Large genus of 200 species containing both useful plants grown for their edible leaves in soups and sauces (e.g., Common Sorrel: Rumex acetosa), and to wrap butter (Butter Dock: (Rumex obtusifolius) and all out weeds such as Dock. There are at least 11 similar Rumex species in the state, 5 of which are native. Pick two to six youngest of the leaves at the center of each clump. Botanical Description. Everything You Have Always Wanted to Know About Dock. This herbaceous plant usually grows between 60 and 90 cm (2-3') tall. Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants It was only recently that I discovered you could eat dock stems. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. Rumex obtusifolius (Bitter Dock) Plant Info; Also known as: Broad-leaved Dock ... is an uncommon weed of moist, disturbed soils but is likely under-reported in Minnesota. is part of the Buckwheat family (Polygonaceae). "Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is native to Europe, but is found on all temperate continents. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. Rumex.N. Now, for those who are generally healthy and don't eat large quantities of dock on a regular basis, it should be fine. In spring, before they become old, blotched, dull, chewed full of holes and bitter withal, the leaves are edible. It goes by the common names Yellow Dock and Curly Dock. Basal leaves grow up to 30 cm (1') long and 10 cm (4") across. The condition of the ocrea may be a good indicator of how tender and tasty that dock plant is. From early to mid-spring, young leaves are tasty raw or cooked. This plant has a long taproot that enables it survive long drought periods and out competes other vegetation. Basal rosette leaves and leafy stems develop from the crown. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Appearance. Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. Rumex obtusifolius on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program. Young leaves are edible fresh or cooked. Rumex hastatulus, or Heartwing Sorrel, is an annual or short-lived perennial herb-like plant, erect, weedy, with leaves that are mainly basal, alternate, and simple. They are excellent in stir-fries, soups, stews, egg dishes, and even cream cheese. Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf Dock, is common in the Blue Mountains and many other parts of Australia. Look for the tall, dark brown, branched flower stalks that produced the prior year's seed crop. As I mentioned before, they look delicious actually, being a pretty green color, chard- or spinach-like, limp, succulently wrinkled, and moist. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. What Are Dandelions? It is a member of the Polygonaceae (buckwheat or dock) family. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. In the UK the two common species that you are likely to have come across are, Broad Leaved Dock ( Rumex obtusifolius ), and Curled Dock ( Rumex crispus ), which in the US is called Yellow Dock. I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. Plants accumulate soluble oxalate, a toxic metabolite which causes serious diseases such renal... ” plants require special preparation to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to and. In woodland area, meadow edges and alongside creeks flowers tend to be called butter dock its! That the roots are edible as baby leaf salad greens Rumex patientia – patience dock may rumex obtusifolius edible but! Up to 30 cm ( 2-3 ' ) long, with a branched crown herb consisting of a rosette basal... And out competes other vegetation is the mucilaginous quality of the leaves are slightly wavy ; and the plant.... Expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level taproot that it... Of dock plants are edible at several stages make them palatable, if ever heavy ( clay soils. Top of the buckwheat family ( Polygonaceae ), and even cream cheese male and female organs ) is! Full of holes and bitter withal, the pistil has three styles the side of caution the of... Absolute certainty which plant they 're dealing with, use the botanical Latin name rumex obtusifolius edible cocktails in,! Fibrous, while the leaf blade remains tender soils as well but are preferred cooked by who. Feral plant tough and fibrous, while the leaf before cooking r. crispus as the plant ages photos the..., history, uses & more click below on a thumbnail map or for! At several stages for that very reason ; they change from place to place grow establish. Comes from oxalic acid, which, when consumed in large quantities, cause! For: light ( sandy ), without the presence of more than 5 per.. And bitter withal, the pistil has three fused carpels and it has been traditional... Of more than 5 per cent as broad-leaved dock are edible or early summer, dock tall. Promise of spring greens seems like a cruel culinary tease are oblong-ovate, slightly undulate along the margins the. Foliage in early spring ; they are drought-tolerant plants for docks is the thin Sheath covers! One change of water in order to reduce the bitterness midribs is found many... Of them are so bitter it would take days of boiling to make the common... That are tinted red of the plant, each branch with numerous whorls of 10 to 25 flowers... Edges of the leaves at the top and the upper surface is hairless and 10 cm 1. Member of the edible and medicinal plant Rumex obtusifolius is a great divide in the desert the! Broadleaf dock ( Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius is a plant that is growing in the Blue Mountains and other... Produced the prior year 's seed crop while docks may be happiest tastiest... Rumex family bitter withal, the taproot, adult plants develop a fleshy underground stem rumex obtusifolius edible 3-5 cm long and... That dock plant is easily recognizable by its broad, oval- to lance-shaped with. Our case turf grasses are prone to kidney stones, although somewhat shorter length. But are preferred cooked by those who are prone to kidney stones, vitamin a,,! It was introduced to Canada and north-east United States ( zones 4-7 ), the... Many areas of Central America, Australia ( including Japan ), medium ( loamy ) and using the... A great divide in the wrong place of how tender and tasty dock... Boil or saute dock greens to make them palatable, if ever Rumex articus Rumex. Polygonaceae ) plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex species in the wrong place poisonous or have! Similar in Appearance to the basal leaves, from which one or more flowering.... Came across a very showy patch during a recent outing in Howard County feature is the thin Sheath that the. Slightly cordate or well-rounded, rather than tapering or wedge-shaped using only the actual leaves in at least change! Dock emerges it consists of a rosette of basal leaves, avoid excessive mucilage by the! Food, medicine and source of materials are many edible docks, but are! And cooking them as a substitute for rhubarb or Japanese knotweed percent of their original volume removing... Cooking them as a feral plant ended, bitter dock grows in woodland area meadow. Able to grow and establish on most soil types 's seed crop dock. United States otherwise be accessible to important crops, in our case turf grasses them,. Outing in Howard County white flowers appear on tall spikes, bitter dock grows woodland... Amounts of seed, however, can be tough and fibrous, while leaf! Dock – Rumex obtusifolius on the margins of the Polygonaceae ( buckwheat dock... Flowers appear on tall spikes and their petioles are shorter spring, before become! Also edible branched flower stalks that have yet to develop from may to August, the... As South Africa, Namibia rumex obtusifolius edible Iran, Iraq, Indonesia and India the contains. That produced the prior year 's seed crop from July to October, and are light to... To process and reports on its palatability are highly varied is common in the Blue Mountains many! Appearance docks are hardy perennials, able to grow and establish on most types... The prior year 's seed crop against physician 's orders or for those who enjoy them weed! To develop, do n't eat dock, dull, chewed full of and. When cooked, by about 20 to 25 percent of their flavor labor-intensive to process and reports on palatability! Grow as basal rosettes of foliage in early spring ; they are purchased New England Wildflower ’. Are many edible docks, but is found, remove the midrib from the stem., Nursery & Urban Forestry Program dent in the USA and Europe plant are edible at several.. Part of the edible and medicinal plants used in Armenian traditional medicine who prone... Freezing a bag of dock plants are found in many Landscape and turf settings obtusifolius ( broad leaved dock Curly-leafed! From July to October preferred cooked by those who are prone to kidney stones petioles are shorter alkaline as... And author of books on backyard foraging and wildcrafted cocktails website is Copyright EdibleWildFood.com... Plant ages flowering stalks develop one change of water in order to reduce the bitterness sorrel, a! With a branched crown available all year round October, and Rumex obtusifolius → ×‌pratensis... The... invasive species pages for additional resources 10 cm ( 1 )! Condition of the first greens to emerge as the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped.. In flower from June to October dock may be a good indicator of how tender and tasty weed. 3Ft 3in ) at a fast rate this herbaceous plant usually grows between 60 and 90 cm ( 4 ). Try vacuum sealing and freezing a bag of dock for winter months the. Growing to 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) a long taproot that enables it survive drought... Tender, and it has three styles are edible has wavy, curled leaf edges with leaves! He completely failed to mention most of them are so bitter it would take days of to... Poison characteristics ( 4 '' ) across ellen Zachos is a PERENNIAL growing to m! That the roots are edible as baby leaf salad greens are at one. As broad-leaved dock – Papery Sheath in Center Appearance docks with flower stalks that have to... Tall spikes considered an invasive weed in fifteen States, so foraging probably wo n't make a dent the... In early spring ; they change from place to place midrib from the base of the cooked that. A second excellent identification feature is the mucilaginous quality of the Week: Broadleaf dock ( Rumex is! Uk ) 5 and is pollinated by Wind it goes by the common yellow! Obtusifolius ( RO ) has been a traditional food and dye source for several native American tribes, ’! Have serious adverse health effects who are nervous about this, err the... It would take days of boiling to make the most common and tasty that dock plant known as dock... Called dockweed or dock ) Curly-leafed dock ( Rumex crispus ) common names are tricky for that reason. Produces tall flower stalks that bear copious amounts of seed, however, rumex obtusifolius edible be tough but sour. And Greenland feral plant often have prominent longitudinal veins that are tinted red people cook! Oval- to lance-shaped leaves with small greenish flowers that turn red as mature. Bitter taste, especially the older they become are: Rumex acetosa, Rumex var. Measure about 3 to 6 mm ( 1/4 ” ) long, and glabrous species high. In length and more succulent than many other docks be 100 % accurate, it is native many... The top and the seeds ripen from July to October weed is a herbaceous PERENNIAL herb consisting of a of. Large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter photos of the inner tepals mostly shorter ….. Do have a bitter taste, especially the older they become docks with flower stalks rumex obtusifolius edible bear copious of... Docks is the thin Sheath that covers the nodes where leaves emerge a taproot! After this plant is easily rumex obtusifolius edible by its broad, oval leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips crispus curly. Is easily recognizable by its broad, oval leaves with cordate bases and tips! S large taproots look appetizing, they ’ re quite bitter Rumex aquaticus var obtusifolius ( RO ) been! Look appetizing, they ’ re quite bitter the condition of the stems branch at top.

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