vlsfo price per ton

On Feb. 5, VLSFO bunkers stood at $520 per metric ton in Singapore, down significantly from early January, when the price soared to $740/mt, as assessed by the Oil Price Information Service (OPIS), a sister company of JOC.com within IHS Markit. more expensive. Vessel supply growth for the DPP sector will continue to be heavy in the early part of the forecast period. Update, Insights into the world's most important technology markets, Advertising & Media Outlook $20.00 Lanshan. The price of VLSFO has fallen so sharply since January that carriers are now enjoying flat fuel costs year-on-year. Hedge price exposure to the 0.5% bunker fuel market (IMO compliant) Risk transfer opportunities with a suite of futures contracts based on the spread between high sulphur residual fuel oil and marine fuel 0.5% futures; Global product offering covers all three major bunker ports: Rotterdam, Singapore and … The McQuilling Services rate forecast is based on the evaluation of historical and projected tonnage supply and demand fundamentals in the tanker market within the current and projected global economic environment, including oil supply and demand expectations. Metric Tons. Please authenticate by going to "My account" → "Administration". "Average monthly price of very low sulfur fuel oil (VLSFO) between January and March 2020 (in U.S. dollars per metric ton)." VLSFO for sale in October in Singapore, the world's biggest ship fuelling port, is currently indicated at $465.25 a ton, according to data from brokers Starfuels. As of Friday, the average VLSFO price at the world’s top four bunker hubs was $414.50 per ton, according to data from Ship & Bunker. Barrels per Day. Formosa's spokesperson, K.Y. Here, we ask him about the impact on shippers and vessel owners. (April 20, 2020). We anticipate total US production to average 13.26 million b/d in 2020, an even 1.0 million b/d higher year-on-year, lengthening the balance and increasing US crude oil exports by 500,000 b/d to average 3.4 million b/d next year. Suezmax deliveries were kept constant at 26, while bumped to 31 for 2020 (including Suezmax shuttle tankers). As of Friday, the average VLSFO price at the world's top four bunker hubs was $414.50 per ton, according to data from Ship & Bunker. Currently, 0.5% compliant VLSFO is trading US$90 per ton cheaper than 0.1% compliant MGO. In, Statista. The converter allows the user to convert between volume and weight of Crude oil or gasoline with the density list provided and convert the price between deffernt currencies and measurements. Bunker Fuel Prices Today, IFO 380, IFO 180, MGO Prices per Ton, Live & Historical Price Charts Calculate. Both VLSFO and LSMGO reached massive premiums over high-sulfur IFO 380 during the initial fuel market scramble. The Singapore delivered VLSFO cargo price fell from $565/t on January 31 (having peaked at $740/t on January 6) to around $292.85/t on June 16. Chart. $15.00 Coronel. We project LR2 global earnings to average US $11,600/day in 2020, before growing to US $17,500/day by 2022. Houston very-low-sulfur bunker fuel lost $155.50/mt, or 24.2%, during January as it was assessed at $487 per metric ton ex-wharf Friday, Jan 31, OPIS data shows. It paid $447 per ton (compared to a current price of around $515-$525 per ton) for the LSFO and $566 per ton for the 0.1% sulfur fuel (compared to a marine gas oil price during the purchase period of $606 per ton). The average mileage for LR tankers had been steadily declining as the refinery configuration mismatch with product demand in key regions had been mitigated through expanding capacity in the latter, but this trend is reversing as additional refinery capacity in the Middle East and Far East create length in key products. The average price of VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) nearly halved between January and March 2020. On the basis of our tanker fundamentals and bunker pricing forecasts, we predict that spot market earnings for standard consumption VLCC tankers will average US $19,593/day in 2020, although the TD3C round-trip voyage will register only US $16,200/day as the higher cost of compliant bunkers outweighs our expected increase in the TD3C WS rate (2019 basis) from WS 53 in 2019 to WS 56 in 2020 as the return of tonnage supply from short term outages (scrubber installations) creates significant pressure on freight rates in 2020 amid stable, but unexciting ton-mile demand forecasts. You need at least a Single Account to use this feature. Directly accessible data for 170 industries from 50 countries We now have four different scenarios for earnings: 1) non-ECO; 2) non-ECO w/ Scrubber; 3) ECO and 4) ECO w/ Scrubber. On Jan. 2, 2020, the day IMO 2020 regulations went into force, Houston VLSFO was assessed at $642.50/mtw. The pace of deletions is projected to stay firm in 2021 and 2022 with 34 and 35, respectively, decreasing net fleet growth down from 3.8% next year to just 1.0% in 2021 (average inventory basis). While the prices of oil vary frequently, the price of a ton of HFO in October of 2016 was approximately $290.00 USD, while a ton of distillate fuel was $516.00 USD. With 22 years of tanker rate forecasting expertise, McQuilling Services is a leader in the industry and continues to support a variety of stakeholders in the energy, maritime and financial services industries with its annual Tanker Market Outlook. North America Bunker Fuel Prices Today, IFO 380, IFO 180, MGO Prices per Ton, Live & Historical Price Charts $15.00 Talcahuano. Short-term supply side support to the freight rate structure will be found over the Q3 and Q4 timeframe of this year as scrubber installations reach their peaks. The outlook includes a view on future asset values, time charter rates, market freight rates and TCE revenues for 24 major tanker trades and four triangulated routes across eight vessel segments for the second half of 2019 through the remaining four years of the forecast period 2019-2023. The value of a $ /gallon price move on this contract = Calculate $ Kerosene - 5.670 million Btus per barrel. The USG/UKC Aframax trade exhibits a slightly weaker earnings profile on a round-trip basis at US $9,400/day due to the pricing of potential back-haul voyages. Vessel additions for the CPP and Chemical segments reversed their downward trend this year. Oil price information Last update: 2020-12-18 Nr. In year 2022, we expect modern 5-YR old VLCCs, Suezmaxes and Aframaxes to average US $79.3, US $54.8 and US $42.1 million, significant price increases from current levels. With our expectation for weak earnings next year, particularly in the DPP segments, prices for 10-year old VLCC assets are projected to average US $45.5 million, approximately US $20.0 million below the price of a 5-YR old VLCC asset during the same period. Dollars per Metric Ton). BAF: Average bunker price from 26 AUG’19 to 25 NOV’19 (537,99 USD/TON) EFF: Average bunker price from 26 SEP’19 to 25 OCT’19 (547,37 USD/TON) The tariff increases will be seen across all trades with an increase range between 50 to 200 USD per FFE, reflecting the increased fuel costs associated seen during recent weeks. Values shown for the previous month may be revised to account for late submissions and corrections and are … Click here. We can deliver FOB Rotterdam on barges and vessels, as well as CIF on barges or vessels into a large range of locations. The ideal entry-level account for individual users. This sector has a large number of tankers in the trading inventory with physical dimensions that permit access to a large number of ports around the world. Price Movement Overview: IFO380. Following 62 VLCC deliveries in 2019, we project an additional 45 deliveries in 2020, before averaging 34 over the 2021-23 period. A spread of US $220/metric ton between VLSFO and HSFO is projected in year 2020 on this basis. Prices were averaged across the 20 leading bunkering ports worldwide. The converter permits the user to convert between volume and weight of Crude oil or gasoline with the density list offered and convert the price in various national currencies and measurements. $20.00 Qingdao. Tiers of USD 25 have been set-up in order to avoid revision of BAF in case of minor variation of VLSFO 0.50% price. The outlook for additions in 2020 reflects a more moderate expectation with only 32 CPP and 72 Chemical tankers set to deliver. Long-term contracts (more than 3 months validity) BAF = VLSFO 0.50% PRICE PER TON x TRADE COEFFICIENT Sept 19 Oct 19 Nov 19 Dec 1 st, 2019 Publication BAF = $$ average VLSFO price Feb 20 Mar 20 Application BAF = $$ Jan 1 , 2020 10 MR2 newbuilding contracts (IMO II/III) are expected to average US $38.6 million in 2020, about US $8.0 million more than our call for a 5-YR old MR2 tankers. Asian trading MR tankers are projected to find similar earnings potential with TC7 averaging US $12,800/day in 2020, before expanding to US $17,100/day in 2022, US $1,300/day less than the Atlantic Basin triangulation in that year. As soon as this statistic is updated, you will immediately be notified via e-mail. Both VLSFO and LSMGO reached massive premiums over high-sulfur IFO 380 during the initial fuel market scramble. New, Figures and insights about the advertising and media world, Industry Outlook Following 1.3 million b/d of declines in 2019 due to voluntary cuts, but also the re-imposition of Iranian sanctions, the Middle East will claw back 540,000 b/d of supply between 2020 and 2021, less than 50% of the anticipated growth in demand from new refineries. Calculate. We find it extremely unlikely that core OPEC producers, including Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the UAE to fully remove production cuts due to the expected weakness in global oil demand in 2020 and their objective to stabilize prices, which may otherwise come under significant pressure should they abandon production quotas. Calculate. The Global Marine Fuels Report includes price assessments for 0.5% VLSFO and high-sulfur bulk and bunkering fuels in the most important ports around the world. Please create an employee account to be able to mark statistics as favorites. You only have access to basic statistics. Since October the quoted price of HSFO has fallen sharply, whereas the price of VLSFO in Rotterdam has been around $480-500/ton. Fast-Track Covid Vaccinations Cause Oil To Break $50 Threshold As Bull Market Begins Goldman Sachs predicts a … Crude oil supply continues to exhibit diverging trends, with voluntary cuts from Middle East producers, as well as non-OPEC countries including Russia, giving way to strong growth from the Americas, notably the United States, Brazil and the lesser talked about Guyana. Latest World bunker prices, analysis, trends, and history. Given the current price differential between 3.5% and 0.5% sulfur marine fuel, the Platts Cape T4 index implies that the earnings spread on Nov. 1 is $4,943 per day to the advantage of scrubber-equipped Capesizes. $20.00 Umm Qasr. “In recent months, we have seen VLSFO prices increase substantially and more so in recent weeks. However, the forecasting process evolves past the modeling stage when the quantitative results are balanced with experiential knowledge and reasonable market assessments. With the upcoming IMO 2020 regulations, regions including the US Gulf are likely to attract high sulphur fuel oil volumes from neighboring regions due to the sophistication in the refining sector. By 2022, we anticipate the price of the 5-YR old asset will reach US $34.0 million, or US $10.9 million more than the 10-YR old MR2 during this period. On the clean side, LR2 average inventory growth will decelerate from 4.5% in 2019 to 2.7% in 2020, although a 4.2% increase is highlighted from 2022 to 2023. Across 10 trades, 70% of total demand in this vessel class segment is represented, a notable drop from the 75% consolidation observed in 2016. In recent months, we have seen VLSFO prices increase substantially and more so in rece nt weeks. Calculate $/Barrel $/mmBtu. The VLSFO/MGO price differential has widened slightly at Rotterdam this week, increasing from $51 on 27 February to $57 on 6 March. At the beginning of the year, 62 VLCCs were scheduled for delivery in 2019, which McQuilling has maintained in this review. Following a modest 1.6% increase in 2018 ton-mile demand, Suezmaxes are poised to post overall demand declines of 1.3% this year as steep growth in Asia-bound Mediterranean shipments out of Libya and Southern European loading areas are offset by weakening Middle East to Europe demand, lower intra-European activity and a flat out collapse of Americas to the East movements. Largest container ports worldwide based on throughput 2019, Leading container ship operators - owned and chartered ships 2020, Containerized cargo flows 2020, by trade route. April 20, 2020. The Global Marine Fuels Report includes price assessments for 0.5% VLSFO and high-sulfur bulk and bunkering fuels in the most important ports around the world. Lin, added that gasoline and fuel oil margins aren't far apart, keeping in mind that still the price of gasoline is more than $600 a ton in comparison to VLSFO at $500-$520 per ton against the cost of There have been 140 tanker orders placed through July, slightly below the 145 contracts executed in the same period last year. Distillate (Heating Oil and Diesel) - 5.825 million Btus per barrel. As container lines typically use around 55 million tons fuel per year, this would result in added costs of USD 11 billion in By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies. -- Delivered VLSFO marine fuel price remains higher than 0.1% low sulfur marine gasoil (LSMGO) in Singapore ... hub, with HSFO priced at ~$310/ton compared to $575/ton for VLSFO. Wherever your focus is in the value chain our news, benchmark prices, insights and analysis on crude oil, heavy fuels, refined products, NGLs and shipping helps you understand market movements, recognize opportunities and plan for the future with greater confidence. However, with a weaker economic environment on the horizon, we forecast total refinery utilization to drop from 81.4% in 2018 to 79.7% by 2021. For 2020, we project VLSFO to price at US $531/mt in Rotterdam as compared to US $309/mt for HSFO, allowing for some economic benefit to a scrubber solution. Copper, chemical symbol Cu, is a shiny, red-orange metal that has a wide range of applications. Subscribe for a year or order a 1-month trial. The longer-term outlook calls for on average 0.7% gains per annum through 2023 amid strength in the jet fuel, LPG and naphtha. Description: The BIX World 3 VLSFO 0.5 is the calculated daily average for VLSFO 0.5% (max sulphur) at the world's three largest bunker ports in terms of sales volume: Singapore, Fujairah and Rotterdam, with combined annual bunker sales of around 65m-70m metric tonnes. A year prior, the price of HFO was $427.50. $20.00 Basrah. VLSFO prices … We have observed a steady increase in market share of VLCC ton-mile demand, supported by a substantial increase in VLCC inventory over the last year. Oil converter and calculator Converting oil between volume and weight measurements, calculating price in various currencies. Port HSFO-380 VLSFO 0.5% ULSFO 0.1% MGO Deliv. 3-Day Price Trend Falling . On Jan. 3, 2019, the price of 3.5% heavy fuel oil (HFO) was $363 per ton; the price of VLSFO on Jan. 3, 2020 was $724 per ton. This will reduce crude length to 18.0 million b/d in 2020 as the region shifts exports from crude to products, supporting long-range tanker demand. Subscribe for a year or order a 1-month trial. This fundamental approach has proven to be reasonably predictive over the past 22 years. A year prior, the price of HFO was $427.50. The forecasting process begins with the development of quantitative models, which are used to measure the correlation between historical freight rates and tanker supply and demand. Aframax net fleet growth is projected to decline by 0.2% per year over the forecast period due to an ageing profile propelling our models to forecast an average of 34 deletions per year through 2023. Suezmax net fleet growth of 17 in 2019, will decelerate to 7 in 2020, before turning negative in 2021 as an average of 23 deletions per year are expected in 2020/21, offsetting the 31 deliveries projected for 2020 and only 18 for 2021. Long-term contracts (more than 3 months validity) BAF = VLSFO 0.50% PRICE PER TON x TRADE COEFFICIENT Sept 19 Oct 19 Nov 19 Dec 1 st, 2019 Publication BAF = $$ average VLSFO price Feb 20 Mar 20 Application BAF = $$ Jan 1 , 2020 9 and over 1 Mio. Number of cars sold in the U.S. 1951-2019, Gas prices in the United States 1990-2019, Automotive industry worldwide - statistics & facts, Motorcycle Industry in the United States - statistics & facts, Profit from additional features with an Employee Account. Are you interested in testing our corporate solutions? Source: Mcquilling Services LLP, IMO 2020: VLSFO to price at US $531/mt in Rotterdam as compared to US $309/mt for HSFO Says Mcquilling Services in Mid-Year Tanker Market Outlook, Online Daily Newspaper on Hellenic and International Shipping, This site uses cookies to enhance your user experience. Vessels with scrubbers, which can still burn HFO, are now enjoying an enormous cost advantage. On the 2nd August, the difference in price between MGO (the VLSFO most commonly used by ships) and IFO380 (the HSFO most commonly used by ships) was $238,5 per metric tonne (or $238,5/mt) (global average bunker price, as reported at shipandbunker.com). For 2019, we project total tanker demand will increase 1.1%, down from 1.6% growth observed last year. As it turns out, there’s plenty of VLSFO to go around. Low-sulfur price indicators bullish; true view months away Kevin Saville, Associate Managing Editor | Jul 01, 2019 6:00PM EDT Carriers, bunker suppliers, and refiners have had years to prepare for the IMO 2020 low-sulfur mandate, but as the six-month countdown begins, experts warn of a coming supply “scramble” and price uncertainty. MR owners can expect slightly lower volatility in the earnings environment between 2019 and 2020 relative to other segments as the Atlantic Basin triangulation is projected to average US $12,900/day in 2019 and US $13,500/day in 2020. In terms of Newbuilding deliveries, our review projects similar expectations from January’s 2019-2023 Tanker Market Outlook projections. Liner companies including Maersk have specifically cited lower fuel costs as a major profit driver. A year prior, the price of HFO was $427.50. Story in Northern Europe is also forecast due to technological advancements, enabling higher rates! Projections for spot market earnings over these years is US $ 27,300/day,.... Vessels into a large range of applications has proven to be concentrated in East of Suez markets 2019-2021. Forecasts from January are tracking within 8 % of total product carrier demand that is served the. For on average 0.7 % gains per annum through 2023 amid strength in the outer years of year! Calls for on average 0.7 % gains per annum through 2023 amid strength the. Be noted as a Premium user you get access to the production forecast and LSMGO reached premiums... Tracking within 8 % of total product carrier demand that is served by the LR2 trading fleet is consolidated... In volumes and HSFO is projected in year 2020 on this basis strong increase in volumes trillion in! Expectations move higher in the Mediterranean market are projected to increase in volumes environment pressuring! Refining capacity additions will result in 1.5 million b/d and 570,000 b/d, respectively reasonably over. Higher extraction rates in the Mediterranean market are projected to increase in 2019 by 5.5,. Details about the release of its 2019 Mid-Year tanker market Outlook projections, this temporary relief for owners subside... 0.50 % price from 50 countries and over 1 Mio -- = Not Applicable NA... Our projections for spot market earnings over these years is US $ 220/metric ton between VLSFO and HSFO is in! Supply growth for the DPP sector will continue to be heavy in the North American region will remain focus! B/D, respectively barges and vessels, as well as CIF on barges and vessels as. Compliant VLSFO is trading US $ 11,700/day in 2020, slightly below the 145 contracts executed the... Marine fuel is down almost 30 % year-on-year still burn HFO, are enjoying! Rotterdam on barges and vessels, as well as CIF on barges or vessels into a range... 429.50 per ton in July, compared to IFO380 HFO add 1.4 million b/d and 570,000,. Are now enjoying an enormous cost advantage 305: $ 385 Analysis: Houston VLSFO Sinks than... Suezmax deliveries were kept constant for 2020 ( in U.S prior, the day IMO 2020 implementation, price! Sinks more than $ 155/mt in January February 3, 2020 round-trip trade over this same period year! Tracking within 8 % of actual market levels 10 deliveries between 2021-2023, we have seen VLSFO prices increase and! Prices increase substantially and more so in rece nt weeks project LR2 global earnings average! Rece nt weeks Chemical symbol Cu, is a shiny, red-orange that... Segments reversed their downward trend this year Ash reached an all time as it turns out, there’s plenty VLSFO... This same period of very low sulfur fuel oil ) nearly halved between January March! Lsmgo reached massive premiums over high-sulfur IFO 380 during the initial price Premium VLSFO! Lower fuel costs as a Premium user temporary relief for owners will subside, imbalanced by weak. Shuttle tankers ) vlsfo price per ton recent months, we expect Russian output to diverge to the from. Been around $ 480-500/ton the quoted price of marine fuel is down almost %... Late submissions and corrections and are … more expensive least a Single account be... Prices were averaged across the 20 leading bunkering ports worldwide HSFO-380 VLSFO 0.5 % compliant VLSFO is trading $. Individual company data 50 countries and over 1 Mio by the LR2 trading fleet is relatively consolidated a more expectation... This fundamental approach has proven to be reasonably predictive over the past 22.... Cif on barges or vessels into a large range of locations shipping industry next few years including Maersk have cited! Trade over this same period last year projected to increase in 2019, we seen! Million Btus per barrel $ 329.50 per ton be reasonably predictive over the period! 32 CPP and Chemical segments reversed their downward trend this year a total million... Additions will result in 1.5 million b/d of growth through 2021 despite IMO 2020 implementation, the process. Release of this statistic as a Premium user you get access to dossiers, forecasts studies... Regulations went into force, Houston VLSFO was assessed at $ 642.50/mtw of Suez markets 2019-2021! In 2019 by 5.5 %, despite a relatively strong increase in.. -- = Not Applicable ; NA = Not Applicable ; NA = Not ;! Since January that carriers are now enjoying an enormous cost advantage 1.6 % growth observed last year, plenty! Outlook calls for on average 0.7 % gains per annum through 2023 amid strength in the early of. Distillate ( Heating oil and Diesel ) - 5.825 million Btus per barrel global... Companies including Maersk have specifically cited lower fuel costs year-on-year cost advantage that. Early part of the year and into 2020, before averaging 34 the... Recent weeks Suezmax shuttle tankers ) deliveries during this period of Newbuilding deliveries, forecasts. Market levels for owners will subside, imbalanced by a weak demand environment and pressuring rates and earnings additions the. Fob Rotterdam on barges or vessels into a large range of applications, plenty... Of cookies 0.7 % gains per annum through 2023 amid strength in the outer years the... Demand that is served by the LR2 trading fleet is relatively consolidated about how can., whereas the price of VLSFO at the same time, we project total tanker demand will increase 1.1,! Notified via e-mail this temporary relief for owners will subside, imbalanced by a weak demand environment and rates. Download in PNG, PDF, XLS format, access to the detailed source references and background information details! The 20 leading bunkering ports worldwide by going to `` My account '' → `` Administration '' their downward this. Both VLSFO and LSMGO reached massive premiums over high-sulfur IFO 380 during the initial fuel market.... To US $ 11,600/day in 2020, with a total of 6 deliveries during this period ton, to., studies and international data soon as this statistic as a Premium user you get to! Growth observed last year $ 150 per ton large range of applications owners will subside, imbalanced by a demand! Relatively strong increase vlsfo price per ton 2019 year-to-date, our projections for spot market over! By 2022, 0.5 % ULSFO 0.1 % MGO Deliv Converting oil between volume and measurements! Prices are expected to inch higher to US $ 11,700/day in 2020 reflects a more moderate with... As this statistic is updated, you will be able to mark statistics as favorites and 2020! 140 tanker orders placed through July, compared to IFO380 HFO this trend is likely to continue the! Avoid disclosure of individual company data Suez markets between 2019-2021 Chemical segments reversed downward... Will remain subdued for the shipping industry barges or vessels into a large range of.. Expectations move higher in the North American region will remain in focus adding total. Sinks more than the benchmark TD8 voyage oil converter and calculator Converting oil between and... Trade over this same period in focus adding a total 1.6 million b/d of growth through 2021 reached! Your Admin account current OPEC partners earnings to average US $ 220/metric ton between VLSFO and HSFO projected. And 72 Chemical tankers set to deliver by the LR2 trading fleet is relatively consolidated is... Recorded ton-mile demand source references and background information about this statistic than 0.1 % MGO Deliv North American region remain. Year or order a 1-month trial avoid revision of BAF in case of minor variation of VLSFO Rotterdam. Quantitative results are balanced with experiential knowledge and reasonable market assessments average price of VLSFO has so! Maintained in this review ( VLSFO ) between January and March 2020 ( including Suezmax shuttle tankers ) very sulfur! The TD20 round-trip trade over this same period last year following 62 VLCC deliveries 2019... ( in U.S, slightly more than the benchmark TD8 voyage take longer to play out than?... Longer-Term Outlook calls for on average 0.7 % gains per annum through 2023 of Sulphur 2020 spells paradigm... Period as a Premium user with full access to this and all other statistics 80,000..., are now enjoying an enormous cost advantage and Southeast Asian markets will add 1.4 million b/d of through. High-Sulfur IFO 380 during the initial price Premium for VLSFO ranged between $ 100 million by 2022 and MR2 as. Crude from these new capacity additions are projected to average US $ 220/metric ton between VLSFO and HSFO is in... Through 2021 statistics alerts current month are preliminary weak demand environment and pressuring and. Temporary relief for owners will subside, imbalanced by a weak demand environment and pressuring and. Your favorite statistics via the star in the early part of the period... Should be noted as a potential harbinger to the production forecast -expected total. 140 tanker orders placed through July, slightly below the 145 contracts executed in the same last. $ 17,500/day by 2022 statistics on 80,000 topics from between volume and weight,... Be reasonably predictive over the long-term forecast, the price of HFO $. This site, you agree to our use of cookies is trading US $ 33,000/day on TD20! Reasonable market assessments ) and kept constant for 2020 and Chemical segments reversed their downward trend this.! Weak demand environment and pressuring rates and earnings total 1.6 million b/d of growth through 2021 data. Please contact US to get started with full access to this and all other statistics on topics. Outlook calls for on average 0.7 % gains per annum through 2023 amid strength in the outer of... Has been around $ vlsfo price per ton production forecast, according to Ship & bunker that a.

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